By the end of grades 1 and 2, students should be able to demonstrate the following Phonemic Awareness Skills skills:
Substituting Example: "Nap. What word do we get when we change the /n/ to /c/?" cap (as in rhyming or word family practice).
Deleting Example: "Flake. What word do we get when we take away /l/ from flake?" fake
Adding Example: "Mile. What word do we get when we add /s/ to the front of mile?" smile